Finland - Russia
The Russification of Finland

Since 1200 AD Finland was part of Sweden. The Finns and the Swedes lived side by side as a united people, In 1697, the foolish and immature seventeen year old Charles XII, of Sweden, challenged Tzar Peter I to battle. Bye the end of the series of wars that ensued, Peter I had acquired, from Sweden, the Baltic Provinces and coast lands, and the whole of Finland. Finland was then returned to Sweden.

Because of the outcome of the Nepoleonic Wars Finland was ceded to Russia. The Russian People were denied freedoms such as civic rights, free speech, elections and a free press but by decree of the Tzar the Finns were to have these rights. Alexander I became a constitutional monarch to Finland.

Alexander I, Nicholas I and Alexander II, all loyally upheld the Finnish Constitution. Alexander III could not understand why his imperial will, in this tiny corner of his Empire, should be impeded by petty constitutional procedures. He began to whittle away provisions and safeguards of that constitution.

In 1890, Alexander III decreed that the Finnish Ministry of the Interior, which included the Ministry of Posts, was to come under the direction of the Russian Ministry of the Interior. This had the effect of declaring Finland a non-seperate State. The Finnish Postal System thus lost its independence.

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Tommy W. Case